All professional economic activities are subject to the prior granting of a business permit (autorisation de commerce).
This permit is granted to businesses (professionals operating under their own name or the company) within a 3 month deadline which may be extended by another month under certain conditions, if:
- the applicant satisfies the required legal conditions of qualification (when applicable) and professional integrity for the activity concerned;
- the business has a fixed physical establishment in Luxembourg (no so-called 'letterbox companies').
Tacit authorisation is granted if no decision is sent within the time allowed.
Who is concerned
A business permit is granted to the business if the applicant satisfies the required legal conditions of qualification and professional integrity. The applicant must:
- be the professional operating under their own name if the business is operated by a natural person; or
- be a person who has real ties to the business. This person must be:
- an employee of the company; or
- the owner of the company; or
- a partner in the company; or
- a shareholder in the company.
A business permit is required for any person that wishes to engage in the following professional activities as a self-employed person or as a company:
- commercial activity (trade, HORECA (hotel, restaurant and café), transports, industry, etc.);
- craft activity (food, fashion, construction, mechanical engineering, audiovisual, entertainment, art, etc.);
- or certain liberal professions which are mainly intellectual in nature.
Self-employed sales agents require a business permit as traders. Their salaried representatives are exempt from any specific permit but must carry out their activity under the cover of a business permit granted to their employer. It is therefore advisable to provide them with proof of their employer’s permit and proof of their recruitment.
Lawyers, physicians, dentists, veterinaries or statutory auditors (réviseurs d'entreprises) exercise liberal professions covered by laws other than those governing the authorisation of establishment.
Providers of intellectual services not included in the list of liberal professions must apply for a business permit for commercial activities and services.
Persons who sell their own products (craftwork, artwork, jam, honey, etc.), recycled items or items they did not purchase for commercial purposes, are not considered to be professionals and are therefore not required to have a business permit. However, they must hold a business permit for commercial activities and services if they wish to participate in fairs and markets.
EU businesses that supply occasional and temporary services in Luxembourg do not require a business permit. Skilled craftsmen and manufacturers nevertheless have to submit a prior notification to the General Directorate for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises.
Non-EU nationals who wish to set up in Luxembourg as self-employed persons must submit their business permit application together with their application for an authorisation to stay as a self-employed person. By doing so, they only have to send in a single dossier to the Minister of Immigration who then transfers the business permit section to the General Directorate for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises.
The applicant must fulfil the following conditions:
- professional integrity;
- professional qualification in line with the planned activity:
- establishment in Luxembourg; the business permit is only granted if there is a physical installation in Luxembourg that includes an infrastructure suitable for the nature and scale of the concerned activity;
- effective and permanent management of the business by the business permit holder who must:
- personally and regularly ensure the effective day-to-day management and direction of the company. In particular, a remote effective domicile may be unfavourable to the applicant. The permanent presence of a third person, even if authorised to commit the business, is not enough to make up for the absence of the business permit holder;
- be connected to the business (as an owner, associate, shareholder or employee of the business);
- compliance with tax and business obligations: the business manager must not have evaded business and tax obligations in their previous or current business activities, whether these activities were carried out under their own name or through a company run by said business manager.
The final granting of the business permit requires that the articles of association are filed with the Trade and Companies Register (RCS).
In order to request the permit online via MyGuichet.lu, applicants must have a LuxTrust 'Private' or 'Pro' electronic certificate and be registered on the portal.
The stamp duty for the issue of a business permit amounts to EUR 24.
If the establishment is moving to another address, the applicant must notify this, free of charge, to the General Directorate for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. In this case, the applicant will receive a new business permit free of charge.
How to proceed
Filing an application
The applicant can submit their application for a business permit in 3 ways:
Anyone can get help with their business permit application by contacting:
Documents to be submitted with the application
The following documents must be attached to the business permit application:
- documents attesting to the professional qualifications for the planned activity;
- documents attesting to professional integrity;
- for citizens of Luxembourg, the European Union, or the European Economic Area (Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland): a copy of their ID card or passport;
- for citizens of third countries: a written confirmation from the Minister responsible for Immigration that the applicant meets all the conditions for obtaining the residence permit applied for;
- proof of payment of stamp duty (droit de chancellerie), in the form of:
- either a tax stamp, value EUR 24, purchased at the Registration Duties, Estates and VAT Authority (AED);
- or the proof of payment of EUR 24 into the IBAN account LU09 1111 7026 5281 0000, BIC code: CCPLLULL of the Diekirch Revenue Office, with the following communication: 'autorisation de commerce'.
Supporting documents may be submitted:
- in the form of paper copies (application by post) or as scanned copies in PDF format (application via MyGuichet.lu or email). The General Directorate for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises may request certified copies or the original documents where needed. Original documents will be returned to applicants upon request;
- in German, French or English. Documents in other EU languages may eventually be accepted provided that they have been translated by a sworn translator.
Issue of the permit
If the business permit is granted, the applicant will be notified by post at the address indicated on the application:
The business permit takes the form of a card, which should be kept permanently on the operating site and produced on request.
The ministerial authorisation number (business permit number) must be indicated on all letters, mails, e-mails, websites, quotes, invoices, premises and storefronts as well as on the mandatory signs on work sites.
Validity of the permit
The business permit expires:
Modifying an existing business permit
The holder of a valid permit must request a new permit in the event of:
- change or extension of the company's objects;
- change of company director to whom the qualification and professional integrity relates.
The notification can be submitted by post or email. The General Directorate for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises must be notified within one month of the following events:
- the opening of a branch office;
- a change of the company name;
- a change of the company's legal structure;
- a change of business address.
Forms / Online services
Business permit - online application
Autorisation d’établissement - service en ligne
Antrag auf Niederlassungsgenehmigung – Online-Vorgang
Business permit application
Antrag auf Niederlassungsgenehmigung
Déclaration sur l'honneur
Who to contact