A third-country national who wishes to come to Luxembourg for a period of more than 3 months for reasons of family reunification with another third-country national must follow a procedure in two consecutive steps:
- Step 1: before entering the country:
- submit an application for a temporary authorisation to stay to the Immigration Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs;
- hold a valid passport;
- for persons subject to visa requirements in order to enter Luxembourg: request a type D visa after having obtained the temporary authorisation to stay;
- Step 2: after entering the country:
- make a declaration of arrival in the new commune of residence in Luxembourg;
- undergo a medical check;
- submit an application for a residence permit.
Who is concerned
Every third-country national (i.e. a national from a country which is not an EU Member State or a country treated as such - Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland) requires an authorisation to stay and then a residence permit if they live abroad and wish to reside in Luxembourg with a family member who is also a third-country national.
The application for an authorisation to stay has to be submitted by the third-country national before entering the country. However, the third-country national can mandate a third party (i.e. such as the their family member living in Luxembourg) to submit the application on his or her behalf.
This procedure applies to third-country nationals who are family members of a third-country national (i.e. a national of a country which is not an EU Member State or a country treated as such) who wishes to join his or her family member(s) in Luxembourg.
Family reunification is not possible for all family members. The definition of a family member includes:
- the spouse or registered partner of the sponsor, aged 18 or over at the time of the application for family reunification (family reunification for a spouse is not allowed in the case of polygamous marriages, i.e. if the sponsor already has a spouse living in the family Luxembourg);
- the unmarried children under 18 of the sponsor and/or the spouse or partner for whom they have custody and where the children are dependent on them, or, in the case of shared custody, where the other party sharing custody has given his/her consent;
- the first-degree direct ascendants (mother and father) of unaccompanied minors who have been granted international protection.
The minister may widen the possibilities for family reunification to the following persons provided the applicant has lawfully resided in Luxembourg for at least 12 months:
- first-degree direct ascendants of the sponsor or their spouse or partner (mother and father), where they are dependent on the sponsor or their spouse or partner and lack the necessary family support in their country of origin;
- unmarried children aged 18 or over of the sponsor or their spouse or partner, where they are objectively unable to provide for their own needs on account of their state of health;
- the legal guardian or any other family member of an unaccompanied minor who has been granted international protection and who has no direct ascendants.
Non-EU nationals who are family members of an EU citizen (or a national of a country treated as such) living in Luxembourg must obtain a residence permit. The procedure to be followed depends on the duration of their stay:
Specific case: simplified procedure for children born in Luxembourg
There is a simplified procedure for children born in Luxembourg to parents who are third-country nationals, and who are residing legally in Luxembourg. Such new-born children will be granted, on application, a "family member" residence permit. The application must be submitted on a specific form together with the following documents:
- a copy of the filled-in pages of the valid passport;
- a photo complying with ICAO/OACI standards;
- proof of payment of a fee of EUR 80 tax to the account IBAN LU46 1111 2582 2814 0000 (BIC: CCPLLULL, beneficiary: ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes, Direction de l'immigration; Communication: titre de séjour dans le chef de 'insert your name here').
Specific case: a third-country national wishing to come to Luxembourg to get married
There is no specific provision for entering the country for a marriage. Third-country nationals wishing to marry a third-country national legally residing in Luxembourg must follow the normal procedure for a stay of less than three months. If necessary, they must also apply for a short-stay visa, and must meet the conditions for entry and for a short stay.
In order to bring their family to Luxembourg, third-country nationals residing in Luxembourg (the "sponsor") must meet a number of conditions. They must:
- demonstrate the intention to apply for a long-term residence permit;
- provide proof that they have stable, regular and sufficient resources (salary, wages, income from assets) to support themselves and the family members under their care, without having to resort to social welfare. The level of the resources of the third-country national who is applying for family reunification for members of their family is assessed with reference to the average monthly minimum wage of an unskilled worker over a period of 12 months. The resources of the third-country national must be at least equivalent to this reference level. If the resources are below this level, the Minister may nonetheless issue a favourable decision, having taken into account the current situation of the third-country national (such as the stability of their job and income, access to home ownership or having free accommodation);
- have appropriate accommodation to host the family member(s) (floor area of at least 12 m² for the first occupant and 12 m² per additional occupant, with natural light through windows that can be opened and closed properly and which measure at least 1/10 of the floor area, heating, running water, electricity, etc.);
- have health insurance cover for themselves and the family member(s) (health insurance certificate or certificate of co-insurance covering their stay in Luxembourg issued by a Luxembourg or foreign social security body and/or by a private insurance company).
The condition of a stay of a determined minimum duration in Luxembourg does not apply in the following cases:
- for the sponsor who wishes to bring his/her minor children to Luxembourg if the sponsor has sole custody;
- for the sponsor with an "EU Blue Card" (highly qualified worker)", "transferred worker" or "researcher" or who has long-term resident status in another EU Member State and who is exercising the right to reside in Luxembourg and whose family was already established in the other Member State. These persons may be accompanied by their spouse or registered partner, as well as their unmarried children aged under 18, when they enter Luxembourg.
Special case: special provisions for recipients of international protection
Recipients of international protection may apply for family reunification and will only have to fulfil the conditions applicable to accommodation and resources if the sponsor submits the application later than 3 months after the date where international protection was granted.
In addition to the family members referred to above, it is also possible to apply for family reunification for the following persons:
- the first-degree direct ascendants (mother and father) of unaccompanied minors who have been granted international protection;
- following approval by the Minister: the legal guardian or any other family member of an unaccompanied minor who has been granted international protection and who has no direct ascendants.
The family member of the sponsor must, when planning their journey:
- check whether or not they have to obtain a visa to enter the Schengen area;
- hold a valid passport which, where applicable, has the required visa.
How to proceed
Step 1: before entering the country
Application for an authorisation to stay
The third-country national must submit an application for a temporary authorisation to stay (on plain paper) from his country of origin:
- to the Immigration Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, or;
- to a Luxembourg diplomatic or consular representation or to a diplomatic or consular mission representing Luxembourg.
The application for a temporary authorisation to stay must contain the applicant's identity details (surname(s), given name(s) and address) and must be accompanied by the following documents and information:
- a copy of the sponsor's residence permit, which must be valid for more than one year;
- the sponsor's proof of sufficient resources to cover their needs and those of their family members (e.g. payslips, tax return, income from assets) at least equivalent to the minimum wage for unskilled workers over a period of 12 months. The proof must cover the 12 months prior to submitting the application;
- proof of suitable housing in Luxembourg of the sponsor and the members of his/her family (e.g. least contract, property deed - a floor area of at least 12 m² for the first occupant and 9 m² per additional occupant, with natural light through windows that can be opened and closed properly and which measure at least 1/10 of the floor area, heating, running water, electricity, etc.);
- proof of health insurance cover for the sponsor and his/her family members (certificate of medical cover or certificate of co-insurance for health care during their stay in Luxembourg issued by a Luxembourg or foreign social security body and/or a private insurance company);
- where necessary, a proxy.
Proxy:third-country nationals may mandate a third party to submit the application in their place. In this case, the proxy holder, with the exception of attorneys, must provide proof of their mandate in the form of a written power of attorney, duly dated and signed by the principal. The signature must be preceded by the handwritten note "bon pour procuration" (good for proxy).
These documents are not required for applicants for an authorisation to stay as a highly skilled worker ("EU Blue Card"), a transferred worker or a researcher who submit the application for an authorisation to stay for their family members at the same time as their own application.
The documents enclosed must be originals or certified true copies. Should the authenticity of a document be in doubt, the Minister of Immigration can request that the document be authenticated by the appropriate local authority and legalised by the Embassy (or alternatively notarised with an apostille of the Hague).
If the documents are not drawn up in German, French or English, an official translation by a 'sworn translator' must be attached.
Additional documents to be attached depending on the case
Sponsor's spouse or registered partner:
- a copy of the entire valid passport of the spouse/partner;
- a recent extract from the criminal records or a sworn affidavit by the spouse/partner in their country of residence;
- a certificate attesting to the marriage or registered partnership (marriage certificate, registered partnership certificate, family record book, etc.).
Descendants (children) of the sponsor or sponsor's spouse/partner:
- a copy of the child's entire valid passport;
- proof of the family relationship with the sponsor (child's birth certificate, family record book, etc.);
- if the parents are divorced (only applicable to children aged under 18):
- a copy of the ruling granting custody of the child aged under 18 to the parents residing in Luxembourg; and
- if the other parent has visiting or accommodation rights: the notarised authorisation of the parent residing abroad attesting to their agreement to the child moving to Luxembourg (accompanied by an identity document for the parent residing abroad);
- in the case of shared custody (only applicable to children aged under 18): the notarised authorisation of the parent who does not reside in Luxembourg duly authorising the child to move to Luxembourg (accompanied by an identity document for the parent residing abroad).
Ascendant (parent) of the sponsor or sponsor's spouse/partner:
- the copy of the entire valid passport of the ascendant;
- a recent extract from the police record or a sworn affidavit established in their country of residence;
- a document attesting to the family relationship (e.g. birth certificate of the sponsor or the sponsor's spouse/partner);
- a document certifying the applicant's marital status and family situation, as well as proof that they do not have the necessary family support in their country of origin (e.g. family record book or any equivalent document issued by the authorities of the applicant's country of origin, etc.);
- proof that the parent was under the responsibility of the sponsor prior to the application for family reunification (e.g. proof of regular payments by the sponsor to the parent's address);
- a document attesting the financial situation of the parent in their country of origin (e.g. proof of the parent's own resources, such as income, assets, etc.).
The documents enclosed must be originals or certified true copies (except for the passport where a plain copy will suffice). Should the authenticity of a document be in doubt, the Minister of Immigration can request that the document be authenticated by the appropriate local authority and legalised by the Embassy (or alternatively notarised with an apostille of the Hague).
If the documents are not drawn up in German, French or English, an official translation by a 'sworn translator' must be attached.
Deadline for the response from the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs
The time required for a response from the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs is generally a maximum of 9 months. If no response is received within this time, the application has been rejected.
In case of a favourable reply, the third-country national receives a "temporary authorisation to stay" sent by post. This temporary authorisation to stay is valid for a duration of 90 days. During that time, the third-country national must:
- either apply for an entry visa to the Schengen area, if they are subject to visa requirements;
- or, if he is not subject to visa requirements, enter Luxembourg territory and make a declaration to the administration of the commune where he resides.
After entering Luxembourg, the third-country national must take steps to obtain a residence permit.
Passport and visa
If they do not require a visa, the third-country national may enter Luxembourg with their authorisation to stay and their passport.
If the third-country national does require a visa, they must apply for a type D visa before their trip and from their country of origin. The application, along with their authorisation to stay, must be submitted to:
- to the Luxembourg diplomatic or consular body in their country of origin;
- or, failing that, to the embassy or consulate of the country in the Schengen area which represents Luxembourg for the issuance of long-stay visas (only the Belgian embassy or consulate).
The visa, valid for a maximum period of 3 months, is affixed in the passport in the form of a seal.
If the third-country national has a valid residence permit for family members of an EU citizen or a valid residence permit issued by another EU Member State, a visa is not required. The third-country national must nonetheless have a temporary authorisation to stay.
Step 2: after entering the country
Declaration of arrival
When entering Luxembourg territory, the third-country national must hold valid travel documents (visa and passport, where applicable), as well as their temporary authorisation to stay.
They must make a declaration of arrival at the administration of the commune where they intend to establish residence, within 3 days of arrival in Luxembourg, presenting:
- a valid travel document (passport and, where applicable, a visa or a residence permit or authorisation issued by another EU Member State);
- the original temporary authorisation to stay;
- a valid proof of address (i.e.: rental agreement, electricity bill, etc.), where applicable.
The applicant will receive a copy of the declaration of arrival as a receipt.
The copy of the declaration of arrival together with the temporary authorisation to stay are valid as an authorisation to stay until the residence permit is issued.
The third-country national must undergo a medical check for foreigners as soon as possible which consists of:
- a medical examination by a doctor established in Luxembourg and authorised to work there as a general practitioner or a practitioner specialised in internal medicine or paediatrics;
- and a TB screening by the Health and Social Welfare League (Ligue médico-sociale - LMS).
After receiving the results of these examinations, the Immigration Medical Department (Service Médical de l'Immigration - SMI) of the National Health Directorate (Direction de la Santé) will issue a medical certificate, which will be sent to the Immigration Directorate (Direction de l'Immigration) of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes) to allow the residence permit application to be processed.
Residence permit application
Third-country nationals must submit an application for a residence permit for third-country nationals to the Immigration Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs within 3 months of entry into Luxembourg.
The following documents must be sent together with the residence permit application form:
- a copy of the filled-in pages of the valid passport;
- a copy of the temporary authorisation to stay;
- a copy of the declaration of arrival established by the communal authority;
- proof of payment of a fee of EUR 80 to account IBAN LU46 1111 2582 2814 0000 (BIC: CCPLLULL ; beneficiary: ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes, Direction de l'immigration; Communication: titre de séjour dans le chef de 'insert your name here').
When the application is approved, the applicant will receive a letter inviting him to come in person with his/her valid passport and said letter to the Immigration Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs during opening hours. The applicant will get his photograph and fingerprintstaken, which will be incorporated into the residence permit. The applicant may also bring a recent photograph compliant with OACI/ICAO standards ('biometric passport standards').
A few days after the biometric data have been provided, the applicant can collect his residence permit in person at the Immigration Directorate. The exact date will be communicated to the applicant at the time the biometric data are being collected.
The residence permit takes the form of a chip card containing the biometric data. It also contains the work permit.
The residence permit includes information about its holder (name(s), first name(s), nationality, date and place of birth), as well as specific information about the residence permit (permit category, period of validity of permit).
Certain residence permit categories include additional information in the 'observations' field. In the case of the residence permit for a "family member", the observations on the permit includes information on eligibility for work.
Validity period and renewal
Period of validity of the residence permit
The residence permit is valid from the date of the declaration of arrival at the commune. It is renewable on request as long as the eligibility conditions are met.
Holders of a "family member" residence permit are eligible for:
- education and professional guidance ;
- advanced training and retraining courses.
Holders of a residence permit who wish to carry out a professional activity can submit an application to carry out an ancillary activity as a family member, or submit an application for a residence permit for salaried workers or for self-employed workers.
The first residence permit is valid for one year.
Renewal of the residence permit
In order to renew a residence permit, third country nationals must apply to the Immigration Directorate of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs (Ministère des Affaires Étrangères et Européennes) within 2 months prior to the expiry date of the residence permit.
The application for renewal must be filed using a special form and must be accompanied by the following documents:
- a copy of the filled-in pages of the valid passport;
- a recent certificate of affiliation with the Joint Social Security Centre (Centre Commun de la Sécurité Sociale - CCSS) which must include all the third-country national's affiliations with the Luxembourg social security or a recent certificate certifying that the third-country national is a co-insured party for social security;
- a recent extract from the criminal record in Luxembourg (if the applicant is aged 18 or over);
- proof of payment of a fee of EUR 80 to account IBAN LU46 1111 2582 2814 0000 (BIC: CCPLULL, beneficiary: ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes, Direction de l'immigration; Communication: titre de séjour dans le chef de 'insert your name here').
NB: if the holder of a "family member" residence permit also holds a permit for ancillary work, they must check whether the work permit expires at the same time as the residence permit. In that case, they must enclose a copy of the valid work contract compliant with Luxembourg labour law, duly dated and signed, to their application.
After 5 years of a legal and uninterrupted stay in Luxembourg, they may directly submit an application to obtain long-term resident status.
Holders of a family member residence permit may, after a maximum of 5 years of residence, apply for a residence permit in their own right, independently of the sponsor, provided they can prove that they have sufficient resources.
In the event of a change in the family situation (divorce, dissolution of registered partnership, marriage annulment, death of the sponsor), family members who can demonstrate 3 years of legal residence in Luxembourg may apply for a residence permit in their own right (on paper), so that they are no longer dependent on the residence permit of the sponsor.
Family members may also apply for a residence permit in their own right (on plain paper), without having to meet the three-year residence condition where a couple relationship has broken down under particularly difficult circumstances, notably due to domestic violence.
Loss, theft or damage to the residence permit
If the residence permit is lost, stolen or damaged, a special procedure needs to be followed.
Forms / Online services
Modèle de demande d’autorisation de séjour d’un ressortissant de pays tiers en vue de bénéficier du regroupement familial
Work permit for a third-country nationals, holder of a residence permit as a family membre wishing to engage in part-time salaried activity - Explanatory note
Autorisation de travail du ressortissant de pays tiers, détenteur d'un titre de séjour "membre de famille" désirant exercer une activité salariée à titre accessoire - note explicative
Demande en délivrance d'un titre de séjour pour ressortissant de pays tiers
Demande en obtention d'un titre de séjour pour ressortissant de pays tiers en qualité de "membre de famille" (nouveau-né)
Demande en renouvellement d'un titre de séjour ou d'une autorisation de travail pour ressortissant de pays tiers détenteur d'un titre de séjour "membre de famille"
Liste des observations sur les titres de séjour pour ressortissants de pays tiers
Who to contact
Immigration Directorate – Department for Foreigners (Direction de l'immigration – Service des étrangers)26, route d'Arlon
B.P. 752 L-2017 Luxembourg
Phone : (+352) 247-84040 (from 14.00 to 16.00)Fax : (+352) 22 16 08Information desk: Mon.-Fri. from 8.30 to 12.00 / Application for and issuance of residence permits (only by appointment): Mon.-Fri. from 8.30 to 12.00 and from 13.00 to 16.00
Bettembourg13, rue du Château
B.P. 29 L-3201 Bettembourg
Phone : (+352) 51 80 80-1Fax : (+352) 51 80 80-601Monday to Friday: 08.30 - 11.30 and 14.00 - 16.30 / "Biergerzenter" open until 19.00 on Thursdays
Betzdorf11, rue du Château
B.P. 2 L-6901 Roodt/Syre
Phone : (+352) 77 00 49-1Fax : (+352) 77 00 82Lundi à vendredi: 08.00 - 12.00 et 13.30 - 16.30 (bureau de la population et état civil) / Uniquement sur RDV: lundi, mardi, jeudi, vendredi: 16.30 - 17.00; mercredi: 07.00 - 08.00
Bissen1, rue des Moulins
B.P. 25 L-7703 Bissen
Phone : (+352) 83 50 03-21Fax : (+352) 85 97 63Monday: 08.30 - 11.30 and 13.30 - 18.30 (only population service); Tuesday to Friday: 08.30 - 11.30 and 13.30 - 16.30 (closed on Thursday morning)
ClervauxMontée du Château
B.P. 35 L-9701 Clervaux
Phone : (+352) 27 800-1Fax : (+352) 27 800-900Lundi à vendredi: 08.00 - 11.30; mardi à vendredi: 14.00 - 16.30; mercredi ouvert jusqu'à 19.00 (uniquement bureau de la population, sauf la veille d'un jour férié)
Colmar-Berg5, rue de la Poste
B.P. 10 L-7701 Colmar-Berg
Phone : (+352) 83 55 43-1Fax : (+352) 83 55 43-225Monday to Thursday: 08.00 - 12.00; Monday: 13.00 - 17.00; Wednesday: 13.00 - 18.30 (closed on Fridays)
Diekirch27, avenue de la Gare
B.P. 145 L-9202 Diekirch
Phone : (+352) 80 87 80-1Fax : (+352) 80 87 80-250Lundi à vendredi: 08.30 - 11.30 et 14.00 - 16.30 / Bureau de la population et état civil: mercredi jusqu'à 18.00
Differdange40, avenue Charlotte
B.P. 12 L-4501 Differdange
Phone : (+352) 58 77 1-11Fax : (+352) 58 77 1-1210Monday and Friday: 07.30 - 12.00 and 13.30 - 17.00 / the "Biergeramt" is also open on Saturdays: 09.00 - 11.00
Dippach11, rue de l'Eglise
B.P. 59 L-4901 Bascharage
Phone : (+352) 27 95 25-200Fax : (+352) 27 95 25-299Monday to Friday: 08.00 - 12.00 and 14.00 - 17.00; open until 18.00 on Mondays; Wednesday from 07.30
Echternach2, place du Marché
B.P. 22 L-6401 Echternach
Phone : (+352) 72 92 22-1Fax : (+352) 72 92 22-51Lundi à jeudi: 08.30 -11.30 et 14.00 - 16.30 ; vendredi: 08.30 - 13.00 heures / Bureau de la population et état civil: lundi ouvert jusqu’à 19.00
Erpeldange sur Sûre21, Porte des Ardennes
B.P. 39 L-9001 Ettelbruck
Phone : (+352) 81 26 74-1Fax : (+352) 81 97 08Monday: 07.30 - 11.30 and 13.00 - 18.00; Tuesday, Thursday, Friday: 07.30 - 11.30 and 13.00 - 16.30
B.P. 12 L-5701 Aspelt
Phone : (+352) 23 66 84 08-1Fax : (+352) 23 66 06 88Monday, Wednesday, Friday: 08.00 - 11.30 and 13.00 - 16.00 (closed on Friday afternoon); Tuesday: 07.00 - 11.30 and 13.00 - 16.00; Thursday: 08.00 - 11.30 and 13.00 - 18.30
Grevenmacher6, Place du Marché
B.P. 5 L-6701 Grevenmacher
Phone : (+352) 75 03 11-1Fax : (+352) 75 03 11-80Sécrétariat et recette communale: lundi à mercredi: 08.30 - 11.40 et 13.10 - 16.00; jeudi ouvert jusqu’à 18.00; vendredi ouvert jusqu’à 15.00 / Service du citoyen: 08.30 - 11.40 et 13.10 - 16.00; jeudi ouvert jusqu’à 19.00; vendredi ouvert jusqu’à 15.00
Grousbous1, rue de Bastogne
B.P. 7 L-9006 Grosbous
Phone : (+352) 83 80 22-1Fax : (+352) 83 86 55Guichet du citoyen et service "état civil et indigénat": lundi, mardi, jeudi, vendredi: 09.00 - 11.45 ; mercredi: 14.00 - 18.30 / Recette communale: lundi, mardi, vendredi: 09.00 - 11.45 ; mercredi: 14.00 - 17.00
Phone : (+352) 39 01 33-1Fax : (+352) 39 01 33-209Maison communale à Eischen: lundi à vendredi: 08.00 - 12.00; lundi, jeudi, vendredi: 13.00 - 17.00; mardi: 13.00 - 19.00 / Bureau communal à Hobscheid: mercredi: 10.00 - 12.00 / Bureau communal à Septfontaines: mercredi: 13.30 - 16.30
Junglinster12, rue de Bourglinster
B.P. 14 L-6101 Junglinster
Phone : (+352) 78 72 72-1Fax : (+352) 78 83 19Lundi à vendredi: 08.00 - 11.30 et 13.00 - 16.30 / Bureau de la population: ouvert jeudi jusqu'à 19.00 (sauf la veille d'un jour férié)
Larochette33, chemin J.A. Zinnen
Phone : (+352) 83 70 38-1Fax : (+352) 87 96 46Service population: lundi à vendredi: 08.00 - 12.00 et 14.00 - 17.00, lundi ouvert jusqu'à 19.00 / Sécrétariat et état civil: lundi à vendredi de 08.00 - 12.00 et 14.00 à 17.00
Lenningen16, rue de l'Ecole
B.P. 12 L-5505 Canach
Phone : (+352) 35 97 35-1Fax : (+352) 35 97 36Bureau de la population et service de l'état civil: lundi., mardi, jeudi, vendredi: 08.00 - 12.00 et 13.30 - 16.30; mercredi: 07.30 - 12.00 et 13.30 - 18.30