Pupils and students may discover the workplace by entering into a fixed-term contract, even during term time, with an employer and thus gaining their first paid work experience.
Note that this is a standard fixed-term employment contract and is not to be confused with the employment of pupils and students during school holidays.
Who is concerned
The following are concerned:
- pupils or students who wish to work, even during term time, in return for remuneration and who are enrolled in Luxembourg:
- either in an educational programme for an advanced technician's certificate (brevet de technicien supérieur - BTS);
- or in an educational programme which leads to a bachelor's or master's degree or any other educational course offered by the University of Luxembourg;
- or in secondary education or technical secondary education.
- employers who wish to hire pupils or students to work in return for remuneration, even during term time.
How to proceed
Form and duration of the employment contract
The employment contract for a pupil/student takes the form of a fixed-term employment contract (CDD). As with all fixed-term employment contracts, it must be drawn up in writing.
The weekly number of working hours cannot exceed 15 hours on average over a period of one month or 4 weeks, i.e. a total of 60 hours.
Over a one-month period, a pupil or student may therefore work:
- 15 hours the first week;
- 13 hours the second week;
- 17 hours the third week;
- 15 hours the fourth week.
The pupil or student can accumulate a total of 60 hours of work at the end of the month.
15 hours + 13 hours + 17 hours + 15 hours = 60 hours.
So, during a given month, the pupil/student can work an average of 15 hours per week.
However, this limitation does not apply to salaried activities carried out during the school holidays, for which the maximum working time is 40 hours per week.
The contract may be renewed more than twice, without being considered a permanent employment contract, provided that it does not exceed a total duration of 5 years (instead of the maximum of 24 months for standard fixed-term employment contracts).
The salary of pupils/students may not be lower than the social minimum wage, adjusted, where applicable, according to the age of the pupil/student.
The employer must pay the pupil/student the following salary:
Social minimum wage (index 834.76 as of 1 January 2021)
18 years old or more for unskilled workers (100 % of the social minimum wage)
EUR 12.7279 (hourly salary)
EUR 2,201.93 (monthly salary)
17-18 years old (80 % of the social minimum wage)
EUR 10.1823 (hourly salary)
EUR 1,761.54 (monthly salary)
15-17 years old (75 % of the social minimum wage)
EUR 9.5459 (hourly salary)
EUR 1,651.45 (monthly salary)
Employers must affiliate pupils/students with the Joint Social Security Centre (Centre commun de la sécurité sociale - CCSS). They will be registered as salaried workers with all social security branches (sickness, pension, accident and long-term care insurance).
Leave and legal holidays
Pupils/students are entitled, according to the duration of their employment contract, to paid annual leave on a pro rata basis. Sick leave days are paid in accordance with the principle of continued payment of salaries in the case of sick leave.
They also benefit from the scheme of paid public holidays, whether worked or not.
Hazardous jobs and hygiene
Pupils/students hired for hazardous jobs must undergo a medical check-up with an occupational health practitioner. If they are involved in food handling, they must have a medical certificate drawn up by the occupational health practitioner or GP (general practitioner) which is less than 1 year old.
The employer must give the pupil/student who is younger than 21 appropriate instructions before he starts work, and it must be done in the presence of:
- the health and safety representative;
- the designated worker in charge of protective and preventive measures against occupational risks.