All persons on the electoral rolls elect 6 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) every 5 years.
Voting in the European elections is mandatory for all registered voters, regardless of their nationality. Voters may not be represented by proxy.
Each person registered on the electoral roll.
Non-Luxembourg citizens who are European nationals can vote in the European elections in Luxembourg. If they wish to participate in the European elections in Luxembourg for the first time, these citizens must apply for registration on the electoral roll at their commune of residence before the 87th day preceding the elections.
A postal voting system has been put in place for all voters in order to prevent abstentions.
Whilst the electoral registers are permanent, applications for removals and new registrations are accepted:
To vote in the European elections, an elector must:
The following persons may not be included on the electoral register, and are not allowed to vote:
Throughout the year, the commune continuously updates the list of Luxembourg citizens called to participate in the elections. It maintains and registers on the roll, on its own initiative or at the request of any citizen, those who satisfy the eligibility requirements and are domiciled in the commune.
Voters are registered automatically:
Nationals from other EU Member States resident in Luxembourg have the right to vote in European elections.
If it is the first time they are taking part in the European elections, they must apply for registration on the separate foreign voters register (which also states the nationality of the voters registered) with the commune of residence, within the registration deadlines (before the 87th day before the European elections).
The signed and dated application can be made either:
In support of their application for registration, nationals from other EU Member States must present the following:
False declarations are subject to penalties.
If the application is complete, a receipt will be provided to the concerned party.
15 days after the application for registration, interested parties will be informed by individual letter of the result of their application.
A denial of registration must be motivated.
In the event of denial of registration, an appeal may be made to the mayor and aldermen no later than 79 days prior to the election.
62 days prior to the European elections, the commune sends a copy of the list of foreign voters for the European elections to the Minister in charge of Foreign Affairs who in turn, informs the registered foreign voters' respective Member States of origin.
Their registration on the electoral lists is maintained:
Once they are registered, voting becomes mandatory.
Voters who wish to be removed from the electoral register must make their request in writing to the board of the mayor and aldermen, attaching a photocopy of their identity document (identity card or passport) before the 87th day preceding the elections.
Status as an elector is attested by registration on the electoral rolls. Electoral registers are maintained by the mayor and aldermen of each commune, in particular using declarations of births and declarations of arrival of new residents in the commune.
In the event of a move to another commune, regardless of the time of year, transfer of the voting right to the new commune is mandatory and is done automatically.
The age and residency conditions must be met on election day.
On the 87th day prior to the election, the filing of the provisional lists prepared by the board of the mayor and aldermen is made public.
Citizens then have until the 79th day prior to the election, at the latest, to submit, in writing, any individual claims they may have to the board of the mayor and aldermen.
Citizens who have not yet reached the age of 18 by the date the provisional rolls are filed, but who have the right to participate in the election, must submit any claims they may have to the board of the mayor and aldermen through their respective legal guardians.
The rolls are definitively closed on the 72nd day prior to the election.
If, while reviewing the provisional registers, the commune removes the names of voters who had been included on the provisional registers, the voters concerned will be informed:
They will be informed in this way no later than 48 hours from the publishing of the lists.
The reasons for the removal are mentioned in the letter.
Any person who is improperly registered, omitted or removed from the electoral rolls may exercise their right to appeal to the administrative tribunal for a reversal.
A poll card is sent by the communal administration to each voter at least 5 days in advance indicating:
The notice of election contains instructions for the elector as well as the list of candidates.
On the day of the election, voters may go to the polling station with their identity card, passport or residence permit, but do not need to bring their poll card.
A voter who shows up without their poll card, identity card, passport or residence permit, may be admitted to vote if his or her identity and capacity are recognized by the members of the polling station.
Elections for the European Parliament are made by direct universal suffrage to elect 6 deputies with a 5-year mandate.
For the European elections, Luxembourg is a single electoral district. Deputies are elected using the general ticket method with proportional representation. The political parties must draw up lists of candidates, composed mainly of candidates with Luxembourgish nationality. The elections are direct: voters elect their deputies directly, without any intermediary.
Each voter has as many votes as there are deputies to elect – i.e. 6.
The vote can be either:
Voters who vote for a list may not cast any additional votes (or their ballot may be cancelled), unless the chosen list includes fewer candidates than there are deputies to be elected in the district.
Voters who vote for individual candidates may chose candidates from the same list or from different lists, but must be careful not to vote for more candidates than there are available seats.
The seats then go to the candidates who obtain the most votes. When there is a tied vote, victory goes to the candidate selected by random draw.