Every five years, everyone listed on the electoral rolls—the list of Luxembourg citizens and the list of nationals of other Member States of the European Union (EU) eligible to take part in European elections—votes to elect six Members of the European Parliament.
For the European elections, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg constitutes a single voting constituency. Elections are conducted using the list system with proportional representation. The political parties have to draw up lists of candidates.
At least 65 days before polling day, the chief polling officer at the main polling station in the single voting constituency publishes a notice setting the dates, times, and place where the officer will receive nominations and witness details.
Who is concerned
To be eligible, a potential candidate must:
- be a Luxembourg citizen or a national of another EU Member State;
- enjoy their civil rights and not have been stripped of their political rights either in Luxembourg or in their home EU Member State;
- be at least 18 years of age on the day of the election;
- for Luxembourg citizens, be domiciled in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg.
- for nationals of other EU Member States, be domiciled in Luxembourg and have been resident there when the list of candidates was filed.
The loss of any one of the eligibility requirement leads to termination of the mandate.
The following are not eligible:
- persons stripped of their eligibility following a conviction;
- people who, for lesser offences, have been stripped of the right to vote following a conviction;
- people who have been convicted of criminal offences;
- persons over 18 who are under guardianship.
Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 54 of the Constitution, the following cannot be members of the European Parliament:
- civil servants, employees or workers who are paid by the State, by public-sector establishments subject to government supervision, by a commune or association of communes, or by a public-sector establishment under the supervision of a commune;
- members of the Government, members of the Chamber of Deputies and members of the Council of State. Should they accept the European mandate, they will automatically be deemed to have resigned from their position as a member of the Government, as a deputy or as a member of the Council of State;
- representatives of the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg who are direct or 2nd degree relatives or related by marriage; should such individuals be elected at the same time, lots will be drawn by the chief polling officer at the main polling station to decide on the winning candidate.
At least 65 days before polling day, the chief polling officer at the main polling station in the single voting constituency publishes a notice setting the dates, times, and location where the officer will receive nominations and witness details.
All candidate lists must be submitted to the clerk of the court of the District Court in Luxembourg at least 60 days prior to the date of the election.
How to proceed
Preparing a candidate application
Each candidate prepares a candidate application, which must satisfy certain requirements. It must, in particular:
- specify the candidate's surname, given name(s), profession, and domicile;
- contain the acceptance of their candidacy in the constituency; and
- be dated and signed.
Drawing up a list of candidates and representatives
Deputies are elected using the list system with proportional representation: As such, European election candidates must be part of a list composed of a group of candidates. Independent candidates are, however, considered as forming their own list.
A list cannot contain more candidates than the number of Luxembourg representatives sitting in the European Parliament, i.e. 6 candidates for 6 seats. Each list must contain a majority of candidates with Luxembourg nationality.
Each list of candidates is presented:
- either by 250 voters registered in the commune;
- or by a Member of the European Parliament elected in the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, or an outgoing or sitting member of the Chamber of Deputies.
Nationals of other EU Member States wishing to stand as a candidate must also produce the following documents:
- a formal declaration specifying:
- their nationality, their date and place of birth, their last address in their Member State of origin and their address in Luxembourg;
- where applicable, the electoral roll of the local area or constituency in the Member State of origin where they were last registered;
- that they are not also standing as a candidate for the European elections in another Member State;
- that they have not been stripped of the right to vote in their Member State of origin by individual court order or by administrative decision, provided that this decision is open to appeal or, where appropriate, that the loss of eligibility is due to the conditions of residency imposed by the State of origin.
- a valid identity document.
False declarations are subject to penalties.
Each list must be filed by a representative:
- if a list is presented jointly by 250 voters, the representative is appointed by and from among the 250 representatives on the list;
- if the list is presented jointly by an elected Member of the European Parliament elected in Luxembourg, or a deputy, the representative is chosen from among the candidates on the list or the elected officials presenting the list.
Satisfying additional conditions
In addition to these formalities, the following conditions also apply:
- lists must contain a majority of candidates with Luxembourg nationality;
- no-one may appear, either as candidate or as representative, on more than one list;
- no-one may appear on a list that has been filed if they are standing as a candidate for the same elections in another EU Member State;
- each list must have a name, and where different lists have identical names, representatives are invited to make the necessary distinctions before the candidate application submission deadline expires, failing which, the lists in question will be designated by the chief polling officer at the main polling station office by a letter indicating its order;
- notifications and additions to the list may be submitted before the candidate application deadline:
- listed candidates may only be removed from the list if a bailiff has served the chief polling officer at the main polling station with notice of their desire to withdraw;
- additions may be made to any list, provided that the names of the candidates are presented by all the signatories of the list.
The chief polling officer at the main polling station records the candidate lists in the order in which they are presented and issues a receipt to each representative in the representative's name.
Designation of witnesses and alternate witnesses
On submitting their candidate lists, each representative may nominate no more than one witness and one alternate witness from among the voters in the commune to observe the voting process.
Who to contact