Industrial installations are, among others, required to comply with certain obligations in order to reach a high level of environmental protection. The rules set out aim to:
In most cases, the installations concerned must be operated in accordance with the following general principles:
IED installations are subject not only to the obligations that apply to classified establishments (class 1) but also to more stringent rules imposing, for example:
Natural or legal persons who plan to operate a polluting industrial installation. These installations are divided into 2 categories:
A single facility can belong to both categories and have more than one installation.
IED establishments must follow the same application procedure as for a class 1 operating permit for classified establishments. As a matter of fact, the information to be provided is similar for both types of establishment, but other elements my be needed, such as:
However, the electronic form does not yet include the information specific to the IED law. They must be provided separately and be attached to the application.
There is a particularity for these facilities/installations, i.e. the obligation to verify and update existing permits, based, among others, on the evaluation of best available techniques (BAT).
The determination of BAT for the sectors concerned is made by the European Commission via an implementing decision. All permit conditions for the installation concerned must be reviewed within a period of 4 years from the publication of such a decision, and, if necessary, be updated, and the installation must comply with the said permit conditions.
The installations will be regularly inspected by the Environment Agency. The frequency of these inspections is determined by the environmental impact and the results of past inspections.