Business activities not requiring a permit

Most business activities require a business permit and/or other specific permits or approvals.

Before setting up their business, a professional can submit a provisional application to the Directorate General for SMEs and Entrepreneurship (Direction générale PME et Entrepreneuriat) to confirm that no permit is required.

Who is concerned

An exemption may be granted for the following professions (not an exhaustive list):

  • interpreter, translator (who may, however, submit a request to be certified by the Ministry of Justice, which will enable them to carry out official translations);
  • journalist;
  • freelance journalist;
  • writer.

Conversely, to practise one of these professions as an commercial company (société commerciale), professionals must apply for a business permit for traders.

How to proceed

Provisional application

To provide proof to other authorities (e.g. social security) that they do not require a permit to practise their profession, the future self-employed person can submit a provisional application to the General Directorate for SMEs and Entrepreneurship.

The Directorate General for SMEs and Entrepreneurship will confirm in writing that practising the profession does not require a business permit.

Other registrations

After confirming that they do not require a business permit to practise their profession, the self-employed worker (a sole trader working in their own name) must:

Sole traders wishing to incorporate their business

If they subsequently wish to incorporate their business (as an SA, SARL, SECS, SENC, etc.), the self-employed professional must demonstrate that they have the qualifications required to run a business and apply for a business permit for traders.

Forms / Online services

Who to contact

Double click to activate the map
Double click to activate the map
Double click to activate the map
Last update