The guaranteed minimum income (RMG) is aimed at persons and households whose income is below a certain threshold defined by law.
One of the benefits specified by the RMG law is the integration benefits (indemnité d’insertion).
In order to receive this allowance, applicants must take part in a professional integration activity (activité d’insertion professionnelle).
One of the possible professional integration activities is a business internship.
Who is concerned
The following persons may be admitted to such a internship:
- those who meet the conditions for receiving benefits specified by the RMG law, and;
- who have signed an integration contract with the National Social Action Service (Service national d’action sociale – SNAS) specifying participation in such a internship, and;
- who have not been exempted from professional integration activity by the SNAS.
How to proceed
Following their application for an integration benefit, applicants must sign an integration contract that specifies their assignment to a business internship as a professional integration activity.
The business internship is offered by the SNAS upon signature of an integration contract, taking into consideration their capabilities and skills, depending on the possibilities offered by businesses that collaborate with the SNAS to improve the applicant's practical training, and to increase their chances of finding a job, either in the business where the internship takes place or in another business.
Characteristics of the internship
The working week is set at 40 hours, unless legal provisions or the collective agreement in the business provide for fewer working hours.
The weekly working hours may be reduced for persons who have been partially exempted by the SNAS from a professional integration activity.
The trainee's absences are considered as working time, if they are:
- notified to the business beforehand in order for the trainee to respond to job offers assigned by the National Employment Agency (Agence pour le développement de l'emploi – ADEM), or;
- previously notified to the business in order for the trainee to attend the themselves at the ADEM work placement office, or;
- due to an illness or accident, provided the trainee presents a medical certificate to their training supervisor from the first day of absence.
Duration of the internship
The internship can last up to 12 months.
The internship contract may be renewed once for a maximum duration of 12 months, by agreement between the social worker in charge of the file, the trainee and the training supervisor. The maximum total duration of the internship is 24 months at the same business.
Renewal of the internship within the same business is only possible if:
- the trainee has realistic prospects of being hired on a fixed-term or permanent employment contract, or;
- the training supervisor commits to give priority to the trainee if recruiting new staff.
The training supervisor and the SNAS will evaluate the possible hiring prospects together.
The trainee is subject to the labour regulations in force within the business.
They also benefit from legal provisions governing:
- working time;
- days of leave and public holidays;
- weekly rest;
- night work;
- safety at work;
- working women, children and young people.
Remuneration of the trainee
Trainees are not employees of the business, and they receive an integration benefit in the amount of the social minimum wage, paid by the National Solidarity Fund (Fonds national de solidarité – FNS), which also covers the employer's share of social security contributions.
The integration benefit may be increased by 20 % if the trainee can provide proof of professional qualifications at the time of their admission to the internship.
The trainee's obligations
The details of the internship are specified in a contract on the organisation of a professional integration activity, signed by the trainee, the training supervisor and the SNAS, which is attached to the integration contract.
The trainee must pass a medical examination upon hiring with the Multi-sector Occupational Health Service (Service de santé au travail multisectoriel – STM).
The trainee must not do anything to derail the internship by their behaviour. They must work in good faith, in accordance with the business's rules, and comply with safety measures in force in the workplace.
End of the internship
The internship automatically ends after its agreed duration, which is stated in the contract signed by the 3 parties.
It also ends when the trainee is hired under a fixed-term or permanent employment contract, either in the business where the internship took place or with another employer. In that case, the internship ends without a notice period, taking effect on the day before the start of the employment contract.
The internship also ends if the right to the integration allowance is withdrawn due to non-compliance with the integration contract, or when the trainee is no longer legally eligible to benefit from a scheme within the framework of the guaranteed minimum wage. The National Social Action Service (SNAS) then informs the business of the end of the internship.
Early termination of the internship by one of the parties must be preceded by a pre-dismissal interview between the training supervisor and the trainee. A representative of the SNAS will attend this interview.