Obtaining a private pilot's licence

The holder of a private pilot's licence (aeroplane)—PPL(A) for short—may, without remuneration, act as pilot in command (PIC) or copilot on any aeroplane for non-commercial flights. However, certain additional qualifications will be necessary depending on the type of aeroplane flown, or on the flight conditions (night flight, instrument flight, etc.).

Trainee licences are issued to future pilots for the duration of their training. At the end of the training period, and provided the applicant passes the theory tests and the practical flight test, a private pilot’s licence will be issued. The qualifications on that licence must be regularly rechecked or updated; in particular, the pilot must provide proof of their good physical and mental health.

Who is concerned

This information applies to anyone, aged 16 or over, who wishes to fly a private plane.


Any candidate for a PPL(A) must be at least 17 years of age and hold a trainee licence. They must also hold a currently valid Class 1 or 2 medical certificate.

To obtain the trainee licence, the applicant must:

  • be at least 16 years of age;
  • meet the medical requirements set by aviation regulations.

Applicants who are minors must also provide written authorisation from their parents/legal guardian.

By using a licence or a qualification, the holder undertakes to declare, to the authorities, any accident or illness which does or could affect their technical, physical or mental abilities.

Preliminary steps

In order to obtain a trainee licence, the applicant must enrol in an accredited training programme:

How to proceed

Training period

Any applicant for a private pilot’s licence must have received the requisite theoretical training from an accredited training organisation. They must also have logged at least 45 hours flight time as an aeroplane pilot, under the supervision of the instructor.

Theory test

Candidates for a private pilot's licence must demonstrate a level of knowledge commensurate with the privileges to which private pilots are entitled, in the following areas: regulation, general aircraft knowledge, flight performance and planning, human performance and its limits, meteorology, navigation, operating procedures, flight mechanics, and communications.

Exam registration applications must be countersigned by an instructor and by the training manager or the latter’s deputy, who will certify that the applicant has received instruction consistent with Grand-Ducal regulations in force.

Applications must reach the Licensing Office of the DAC by post, fax or e-mail at least 10 working days prior to the arranged date for the theory test. The original copy of the application must reach the DAC Licensing Office before the day of the test.

The test—which is a multiple-choice test—is available in English or French. Applicants must choose the language for their test at the time of registration.

The Exam Board will send written notice to candidates taking the theory test, specifying the venue, date and exact time of the tests.

Candidates who do not pass all subjects in the initial session may attend further sessions. These additional sessions cover all of the subjects in which the candidate has not yet been successful.

The candidate is deemed to have passed the theory test in its entirety if they have passed all subjects within an 18-month period. Once they have passed all of the subjects in the theory test, candidates then have 24 months to obtain a private pilot's licence.

Practical flight test

All candidates for a private pilot's licence must prove their ability, as a pilot in charge, to apply the appropriate procedures and perform a number of specific manoeuvres.

The practical flight test must be taken within 6 months of flight training.

All candidates for the practical test must have received training in an aeroplane of the same type/class as that used for the test.

Forms / Online services

Formulaire de qualification de type/classe/entrainement/épreuve pratique d'aptitude et contrôle de compétence sur avions monopilote monomoteur et multimoteur

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Who to contact

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